Although some people with a political science degree go on to law school, there are many types of careers that anyone with a political science background can get into, including: political consulting, lobbying, acting as a diplomat, non-profit fundraising, educating, or acting as a customs officer, congressional staffer, research analyst or campaign manager. Many political scientists – about 53 percent – work for the federal government in some capacity, usually in a professional office environment.
According to the Unites States Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of political scientists is expected to grow around 8 percent by 2020. Employment will increase in response to a growing interest in public policy and political issues.
Some psychologists work independently, doing research or working only with patients or clients. Others work as part of a healthcare team, collaborating with physicians, social workers, and others to treat illness and promote overall wellness. Those in private practice have their own offices and set their own schedules, often working evenings and weekends.
The qualities that make a good psychologist are also the qualities that make good business managers, health care workers, educators, or researchers. According to the Unites States Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of psychologists is expected to grow around 22 percent by 2020, faster than the average for most occupations.
Those with a background in sociology can go on to obtain a four-year degree and eventually attend law school, graduate school, work as community organizers, advocate for the rights of children and the developmentally challenged, work in business and management positions, or serve in for-profit and non-profit organizations. Sociology majors who complete a four-year degree may also find work in criminal justice fields (corrections, rehabilitation, parole systems), Business & Industry (training and human development), Education (public and private schools) or Communications (public relations).
According to the Unites States Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of sociologists is expected to grow around 18 percent by 2020, faster than the average for most occupations.
Social workers work in a variety of settings, including mental health clinics, schools, hospitals, and private practices. They generally work full time and may need to work evenings and weekends. You will find social workers in: Administration and Management, Advocacy and Community Organization, Aging and Gerontology, Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs, Child Welfare and Family, Developmental Disabilities, Health Care Social Work, Justice and Corrections, International Social Work, Mental Health and Clinical Social Work, Occupational and EAP Social Work, Policy and Planning, Politics, Public Welfare, Research, and School Social Work.
According to the United States Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics (bls.gov), employment of social workers is expected to grow by 25 percent from 2010 to 2020, faster than the average for all occupations. Growth will be due to an increase in demand for health care and social services but will vary by specialty.